Stone Wonders of the World Series! -

Phil Jayhan

Staff member
Apukuna Tiananis a Quechua word that means ''The abode of the gods'', is located in the Poroy district in the Cusco region in Peru.
Similar status in China:
Shaharah Bridge was built in 17th Century CE, in Yemen and though it may just look like a regular bridge at first, it has interesting stories connected to it. Structure was designed to fall apart in minutes in event that Turks tried to invade and it was also a logical solution to another age-old problem.

Stretching across a 300ft deep gorge between two mountains, bridge is still commonly used by citizens in the neighboring villages. Bridge can be found in the Ahnum Mountain Range in northwestern Yemen in the ‘Amran governorate, 140km away from Sana’a. It connects two mountains, Jabal al Emir and Jabal al Faish, by stretching across a canyon formed where the two come close together. The bridge is 65ft long and 9ft wide. It is primarily made of limestone, which is an abundant material in mountains. Shaharah Bridge leads to the town of Shaharah.

It is not known for how many centuries people have been living in Ahnum Mountains. Yemen itself is one of the oldest centers of civilization in the world. The country is located at the bottom of the Arabian Peninsula. While most of the peninsula is arid, Yemen is fertile and experiences regular rainfall. From very early on, the country served as a natural conduit for trade between the East African and Middle Eastern kingdoms. Archaeological evidence shows that large settlements existed in northern Yemen’s mountains at least as far back as 5000 BC.

Before Yemen was engulfed in civil war, Shaharah Bridge was one of most popular tourist attractions for those adventurous enough to make the trek out to see it. With time, it earned the moniker ‘Bridge of Sighs’ because the spectacular sight of a rudimentary stone bridge spanning two mountains left onlookers speechless.


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Another view of The underground city of Derinkuyu is an archaeological wonder located in the Cappadocia region of Turkey. It is more than 85 meters below the surface of the Earth and consists of an eighteen-level tunnel system. A local found one of the entrances in 1963.
After more thorough investigation and some digging, a passage was discovered, which was later followed by about six hundred similar discoveries in other private houses.

Excavations began immediately and traces of an entire civilization were revealed below the surface, with residential houses, feed storage rooms, cattle stables, school, wine cellars and chapel.

The first few levels of the cave system were dug out by the Hettites, when the Frigians attacked them around 1200 BC, most of the city was probably built by the Frigians afterwards. The caves could originally be used for storing goods, but at the same time they provided a shelter from the current occupiers.

Each level of the city was carefully planned and divided according to specific goals. Each level is closed by a circular rock, which can only be moved from the inside, with a small, perfectly round hole carved in the middle, so that the intruders could be measured with a spear. They used clay pots as a toilets, lived next to torchlight, designated a place for dead bodies, and animals were kept in the areas closest to the surface to reduce the flow of odors and toxic gases, as well as to provide a living insulation layer for the cold months.

But the most impressive part of the building is the complex ventilation system and the protected well, which provided the whole city with fresh air and clean water. Thanks to more than fifty ventilation vents, air flowed naturally into residential houses and corridors, and the more than 55 meters deep well could be closed from underneath to prevent the enemy from access.

Derinkuyu's exact function remains a topic of discussion. It is certain that its construction and use reflects a remarkable social and technical organizational level.

Discovering is like stepping back in time. Walking through the corridors, the visitors can experience for themselves what life was like in an underground world, which is invisible to the naked eye, but very mysterious. The secret will capture the imagination of future generations.


Derinkuyu, Turkey. A hidden ancient city beneath the earth, but WHY? It housed as many as 20,000 to 60,000 people.